40 years of civil war in Uganda has left the central African country scattered with vast amounts of landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO).
Association for Aid and Relief Japan (AAR Japan) works in cooperation with Uganda Landmine Survivors Association (ULSA) to support the survivors of landmines and UXO.
Conflict in neighboring South Sudan, toward the end of 2013, brought a wave of refugees escaping to Uganda. In September 2016, AAR Japan began its support for South Sudanese refugees.
Activities in Uganda
Emergency Assistance to South Sudanese Refugees
The number of South Sudanese refugees in Uganda decreased to 25,000 after the independence of South Sudan. However, conflict in the capital city of Juba in December 2013 left many South Sudanese fleeing back to Uganda, bringing the total number of refugees to 220,000.
Beginning on August 7, 2016, AAR Japan began a needs asssessment in Adjumani District, Yumbe District and Kiryandongo District, where many of the refugees have settled . In a refugee settlement in Bidibidi District, AAR found the area not only lacking in facilities such as shelter, water supply facility, medical facility, educational facility, but basics including food and daily living products. AAR Japan supported the construction of a primary school and distributes aid supplies.
Supporting the Livelihood of Landmine/UXO Survivors
Survivors of landmines and UXO face hardships in maintaining their livlihood as some lose their employment from their physical disability and/or sell their house and land to pay for medical bills.
Since 2010, in Kasese District in western Uganda and Yumbe and Lira District in northern Uganda, areas reported with large number of landmines and UXO accidents, AAR Japan has provided survivors with medical support and livlihoood support.
In 2016, in Apac, Oyam, Kole and Lira districts in Northern Uganda, AAR Japan will provide training to 20 survivors at a vocational school.